By Jennifer Smith of the Wall Street Journal Law Blog
Litigation finance—when investors back pending legal cases in
exchange for a cut of the proceeds—continues to gain traction here in
the U.S. despite lingering concerns that the practice may violate
historic prohibitions on third-party funding of lawsuits, as WSJ reported on Monday.
How much traction, you ask?
That’s hard to say. With a few prominent exceptions, such arrangements don’t typically come to light unless the parties end up squabbling in court, although funders and lawyers anecdotally report more cases coming their way.
So it’s timely that on Wednesday Burford Capital LLC, one of the more
established funders, released a survey on the practice. The report
is based on responses from 313 outside counsel, 74 in-house lawyers and
45 corporate financial executives who were polled in late 2013 on what
they know about litigation finance, whether they have used it
themselves, and if they anticipate the market for such services to
It’s a snapshot of a practice that, while relatively common in the
U.K. and Australia, is perhaps more talked about than actually used here
in the U.S. Critics on this side of the Atlantic, such as the U.S.
Chamber of Commerce’s Institute for Legal Reform, remain wary, saying third-party funding could spur frivolous lawsuits and give investors undue influence over legal cases.
But the survey also indicates that corporate leaders are increasingly
receptive to the idea—50% of financial executives said law firms should
explain third-party funding as a payment option at the outset of a
case—and that demand for it is expected to grow.
Only a few lawyers seem to have actually employed litigation
financing in a case—7% of respondents in 2013. Not many in-house lawyers
and finance executives have first-hand knowledge of it either. Only 2%
and 3%, respectively, reported having used third-party investment to
Still, more than a quarter of outside counsel said they knew someone
who had done it, and 46% said they were familiar with the concept. (Mind
you, 24% also reported “limited” understanding of litigation finance.)
Attorneys at private law firms appear to have a better impression of
the practice than their in-house counterparts, with 65% saying
third-party litigation funding leveled “the ‘playing field’ between
parties with unequal financial resources.” And 64% of lawyers agreed
that it would lead to the “good cases” being brought that would not
otherwise have been pursued.
In-house lawyers, perhaps worried about being on the receiving end of
such litigation, tended to disagree with the latter statement (62% said
But financial executives seemed more on-board with the concept, with
59% agreeing that “it should be viewed as just another form of corporate
finance (e.g. aircraft leasing).”
If you are interested in litigation financing, here in Hosuton, check out Litcap. LitCap is a system developed to give attorneys access to capital in order to fund litigation case costs. LitCap gives attorneys the flexibility to expand their business without capital constraints, and reduces the risk associated with litigation. LitCap offers many advantages over the traditional methods lawyer employ when financing case related expenses as the system is financed solely through a web-based platform that connects investors with lawyers.